We HEAR CLASSICAL MUSIC as we SEE ECU’s of marijuana plants. We HEAR the following VOICE OVERS overlapped audio. We also SEE sponsor names in B&W between images:

CHRIS DUVALL, PhD Univ. of New Mexico
I learned about it through popular media like most people do, and a lot of the things that we know from popular media is really poorly researched.

The product-ization of what’s happening now, it’s amazing what companies are coming up with and how much more reliability there are in the dosing.

If you go to a high school party nowadays, there’s always gonna be marijuana there.

The earlier you use, the bigger the effect on the development of your brain.

JOHNNY MEISLAHN, Horticulturist Mindful
There’s no politician in the world who can tell me that we’re not creating medicine.

I’ve been a medical marijuana user for about 18 months now. Without the cannabis, I don’t know what I would do.

Daniel Duhigg, DO Psychiatrist
The research is inadequate. It’s been blocked. Our government in their good intentions have unfortunately gotten in the way of good science.

Chris Duvall, JD Understanding Legal Marijuana
I think that it’s fairly certain that there will be a nationwide decriminalization in the next decade or two.

if you would have asked me this three years ago, five years ago, ten years ago that we would be doing this; there’s no way.


THC is tetrahydrocannabinol. This is the form of the Cannabinoid in the plant that is active in our brain. It is psychotropic. It’s what causes intoxication. The other main Cannabinoid is CBD or Cannabidiol and this is not particularly active in the brain and is active in the rest of the body. And it looks like this is really the medicinal compound in Cannabis.

LOCATOR: Mindful Cannabis Growing Facility, Denver Colorado

We SEE a tour led by Mindful CEO Meg Sanders:

Our building is a 44,000 square foot facility, roughly an acre footprint, which we’re cultivating in approximately 27- 28,000 square feet. The way our cultivation works is um all of our rooms are staggered so we’re pretty much harvesting, trimming, curing, drying, packaging every single day.

We have 12 flower rooms that are in production all the time, most rooms have about 5 to 6 hundred plants that produce about 100 pounds per room.

We TRANSITION to “A BRIEF HISTORY” Nat sound of history

New Mexico actually had the earliest known indoor grow operation in the 1920’s, it was 1926. The plant arrived over land primarily from Central America here on the Western United States. The most important dispersal pathways into the United States was the Rio Grande Valley and the lowlands of southern Arizona into California as well. New Mexico had one of the earliest laws against uh cannabis here in Bernalillo County, I think was 1915. Pancho Villa, he’s prominent in the literature, in the cannabis histories. People associated it with him, his fighters and the people he was opposed to had the song about marijuana. The song was La Cucaracha.


We SEE Laura Garcia in her kitchen getting dinner ready as we HEAR and then SEE

I have had chronic back pain for maybe 35 years. I was in a car accident when I was 19 years old and that was the beginning.

I would say cannabis works for some people for some types of pain. Neuropathic pain or nerve pain seems to be helped by it. Um and some people will say arthritic pain or joint pain um actually a number of people use it as a, as a salve and report relief from that. Um some people it doesn’t do much for.

Chronic means you know when I go to the doctor they say, “on a scale of one to ten, what is your pain level?” I’m always usually at a five, which means I’m always in pain, but sometimes it can go up to an eight or nine, and occasionally it’s gotten to a ten where I can’t walk. And I’ve tried a number of different things to try to you know control the pain, including um physical therapy, I’ve been to acupuncture, I’ve had chiropractor, I do get massages regularly but my godsend really is the cannabis, without the cannabis I don’t know what I would do.

I was taking opioids and muscle relaxers and when I would take those it would kind of lay me out for the rest of the day, so I don’t do that anymore, um and I’m able to actually you know come home from work and maybe take a piece of candy and then actually prepare dinner and get…be comfortable being on my feet.

There are those cases where people say, “I’ve decreased my opiate use,” or “I have gotten off of opiates,” but it’s really rare.

I’ve been a medical marijuana user for about 18 months now. I would say I use it several times a week. This is more of an Indica strain which is more for pain management. The more you learn about this, the better you can regulate how much you intake and how much it impacts you.

The difficulty with the medical cannabis system, the way it’s set up, is on the one hand, not a great amount of research or guidance, and also when somebody signs up for the medical marijuana program, I have no control over what they take, how much they take or how they use it. I have no control over what they get at the dispensary. So that puts healthcare providers in a bit of a tough position.

If this is helping this child, if it’s helping this person through end of life. If it’s helping somebody, maybe their MS isn’t progressing as much or their glaucoma isn’t progressing as much. Who are we to judge?

There’s people that are still very close minded to it, but then you meet somebody, you, you get the chance, you get the chance to meet a kid that has a 100 seizures a day and you grow CBD for him and he stops having seizures, that to me is why I do this. You know, you can’t argue that. There’s no politician in the world who can tell me that we’re not creating medicine. I’m able to go home, smoke a joint, eat dinner, sleep well, it takes care of my back pain, it takes care of my knee pain, ////when I’m on my feet for 10, 11 hours a day, and a joint cures that. I don’t have to take Advil, I don’t have to take ibuprofen 800, I can smoke a joint. And I don’t wake up with a hangover, I don’t wake up sick you know like alcohol does to people.

The other thing that’s interesting is that the edibles take about an hour to start working whereas the smoke-ables start working immediately.

The time that it takes an edible to take effect is really how long it takes to absorb through the intestines. So it could be anywhere from let’s say 30 minutes up to an hour, an hour and a half. We hear a lot of variation, which is part of the concern and part of the risk with edibles. If somebody is used to smoking or vaporizing and having an effect within let’s say a minute or two and then they take an edible and 20 minutes later, they’re not feeling anything, they might take more thinking that it was too low of a dose, etc. After a few hours, it catches up with them and they have essentially overdosed and are more intoxicated than they wanted to be.

When I get home from work, typically, I’ll toke on this a couple times, this is the vape, and then I will eat a piece of candy and then this’ll hold me through until the candy kicks in. And then I should be okay the rest of the night and I’ll be able to sleep well.

So it’s very variable how long it lasts. And that has to do mostly with the route of administration. So for instance, through smoking it or vaporizing it because it goes into our lung and right into our blood stream, that may have an action anywhere from three let’s say to five or six hours. Whereas if somebody eats a Cannabinoid, then it is absorbed very slowly through our digestive system and can act much longer because of its slow absorption. Can act for 10, 15, 20, 30, even 40 hours depending on how much is taken and how well it is absorbed through the, through the intestine.


Right here is our moms. Most of the propagation that we do is from cloning. Uh we have probably about 80 strains represented in this particular room. This room is early into flower. You can see the plants are just starting to produce their flowers. This is one of our older rooms so it’s older technology.

So this is indicative more of our current grow methodology for indoors, not quite 2000 square feet, we’re using plasma lights. Um lots of airflow. And as you can see, the tags are attached and this tag will stay with the plant the entire lifecycle. We track every single one. We capture probably about a million points of data. It’s pretty amazing. Um this room has a long way to go, probably another, based on looking at them, probably another six weeks.

We control all the variables of temperature, light, humidity, Co2, air exchange, all that can be done inside of here. So we can actually replicate a perfect environment and grow basically as close as we can to a perfect cannabis plant.


As a parent, we have lots of things that we have to worry about. Right? I mean there’s cyber issues right? There’s that cell phone. There’s alcohol. There’s driving. This is just another topic and, and this is a topic that you should be discussing anyway, whether you’re in a regulated market or not, because I can promise you this stuff is available.

We SEE a room discussion about Drugs. We HEAR the discussion and then HEAR

The bottom line is, how do you get, how do you get them not, not to use, how do you do that?

We SEE images from “Reefer Madness” and “Marijuana” as we HEAR:

30 years of scare tactics and what, what we know is that they have been ineffective. The scare tactics have resulted in a certain amount of cynicism among kids so that they actually are, are very skeptical about what adults tell them about drugs.


I think overall what I’m seeing is we have taken something that has been taboo, that we’ve been brainwashed for however many years about. And we’re finally starting to unravel that a little bit.

We’ve got too many drugs in our society to begin with. You know there are only two countries in the world, for example, that allow the advertising of prescription drugs. We do and New Zealand does. We, we constantly have this message that drugs are good, drugs are good for you. You rarely see the consequences of, of getting high or getting drunk on TV or in movies and kids learn at a very young age. They learn from all of these depictions, and what they learn is that you can fool around a little bit and get away with it.

I think any kind of drug education has to be interactive. They have to do their own research. You know ultimately they’re gonna make their own decisions about this stuff.

We SEE a group of students working with two teachers.


We know that young teens are influenced by the photos that they see on social media so in our study we want to go see teens in our communities and code their Snapchat stories and see how prevalent smoking weed and how, how prevalent that is in their stories and see if they’re influenced by it.

STUDENT: I think the whole thing is just opinions and…

We designed the course to be uh student led, so the students um did their own research on different topics and psychology and presented to their peers

For the study we’re just trying to see the prevalence of like alcohol, nicotine and marijuana related content.

I personally expect to find a lot of marijuana usage within Snapchat, because I think that teens think it’s okay to post on Snapchat because they think it goes away.

What does social media like actually bring to teenagers that’s positive.

So we learned about how being exposed to stimuli can impact our attitudes about them, just being exposed to something could make us more favorable to it, and particularly if that thing that we’re exposed to is associated with peers or people that we find likeable, it can impact our attitudes, our estimates of whether something is normal or acceptable, and consequently our behavior.

We’ve done practices in the class with Snapchat accounts and we have actually coded some with pot and with vaping and it just seems normal nowadays.

This is ridiculous, I’ve never done this I swear, like looked this up, I never…
Marijuana mania.
See there’s this, too.
Uh some guy like hugging a marijuana plant..
Good night bowls.
Yeah. A really, really big joint.
That’s a huge joint [laughs], it can’t be real.
Everyone is just doing it.

Teens think that there’s nothing to be afraid of, so I think that’s why usage has gone up, whereas in tobacco you hear about people getting lung cancer and there’s a lot of health risks that go along with that. But there isn’t much um research done on marijuana and I think that’s why teens think it’s okay to smoke it.

I think a lot of parents, at least what I’ve noticed, don’t really, I don’t think they really realize how common it is nowadays. I think they’re kind of in the dark with it.

Since there’s so much ambiguity about marijuana and there hasn’t been a lot of research done on it, they’re just kind of scared of it almost, like they don’t know if it’s good or bad, so I think their stance on marijuana is just confused, I think a lot of parents are, too.

Attitudes are changing and among adolescents there’s definitely been shifts in attitudes across the last decade that at a minimum correlate with legal changes.

Because we’re regulating it, we are making it safer. We are making sure that it’s not falling in the wrong hands and making sure it’s going through proper channels, you’re eliminating the availability to underage kids.

What kids understand um is that, you have illegal drugs for which you get arrested and incarcerated. And then you have legal drugs, which, unless you’re underage, you don’t get arrested for, but what they also know is that the reason that certain drugs are legal and illegal has very little to do with the health impact on them. If, if we were only looking at health and, and deciding which drugs were gonna be legal and which we’re gonna be illegal, wouldn’t cigarettes be illegal by now?

What I tell parents is there’s no re…no reason to have The Big Talk anymore ////Um you can have a hundred little talks because you’re watching something on TV or you’re at the movies and you know, there are scenes of drug use or violence or sex or whatever and talk about it. You know, what do you think about that? Why, why did they do that? Why is the anti-hero always smoking cigarettes? Um why do people giggle about marijuana use and there’s never any harmful effects? You know, nobody gets into an automobile accident.

I think the, the ideal time is actually when they’re pre-teens. When they’re oh seven, eight, nine, ten because they’re still in your pocket. Uh, they still love you. If you used marijuana I guarantee you your kids will find out. They will find out and so you gotta own up to it. I mean, you gotta, kids need to see you as being human, as being capable of making mistakes. So use that to your advantage and the way to do that is to say, “Look, I, I made some mistakes when I was your age. When I was a little bit older, I occasionally smoked marijuana. It wasn’t a good idea then and it’s certainly not a good idea now. What’s out there now is 20 or 25 times uh more concentrated than what we used. So we’re talking almost about a different drug.

TIMOTHY PHILLIPS, Operations Mindful
On average our flower in house tests anywhere from 20% THC to 25%. What that does is then breaks it down to about 75 to 85% when we extract all the THC and terrapins off the product.


In the 1960s you have this explosion of a couple of different things. This was something associated with Vietnam War, the soldiers there using it. And the drug really became associated with anti-establishment attitudes. This was a challenge to Nixon and other authorities. And what Nixon did basically was introduce this very belligerent language of the war on drugs um and he increasingly funded that. The U.S. government during the 1970s was increasingly involved in Central America in terms of, suppression of drug production. The effectiveness of controlling international supplies during the 1970s shifted a lot of the effort in the United States toward indoor production. And the main reason people started growing shorter plants indoors was you could grow it in your closet.


It comes out here and it’s weighed and when it’s weighed, the weight is recorded on the tag and then it’s entered in to the computer once it starts going through the harvest process. We’ll take the top part of the plant and trim that by hand. The middle part of the plant will go through our auto trimmer and the bottom part of the plant, all these little nuggets, we don’t waste any time trimming those. Those go right to the hash pile. So those will be extracted for oil. All the little leaves on here will also be saved and those will go through the extraction process as well.

Every flower has a little bit different smell, taste, high, whether it’s a sativa or indica, it’s gonna have a have different effects for what you’re looking for, whether it’s recreationally or medicinally.

So we’ll start humidifying um and this really is the beginning of the process just like a cigar or an aged wine or an aged liquor. We track every single aspect of this plant and so even the waste has to be tracked.

All of that is going to our extraction and we’ll make beautiful oils out of that for our patients and customers.


This is live resin. What it is, is the whole plant fresh, frozen processed. The plant is cut and the day it is cut, it is frozen immediately and ran within 24 hours of its new life.
So we can use it in various ways from vaping to dabbing to putting on top of a bowl of flour. And I mean, there’s countless ways to do it. Uh the most effective I would say is vaping or dabbing. And what that is, is it’s a temperature around 400 to 700 degrees where it vaporizes that complete oil and you’re getting the full, full effects, full entourage effects, you’re getting taste, the high and everything else that comes along with the terrapins.


Absolutely different drug. You have no idea of how powerful marijuana is now compared to what people used in the, you know, 60’s and 70’s. And there is still a lot that we don’t know about marijuana functioning, but clearly it affects people’s brains. It affects your short term learning.

We SEE Dr. Thoma in his lab with the boy in the large brain hat.

It’s one of the most important things that we do with our brains is store information in a way that we can access it. So adolescents, when our brains are developing, when our brains are doing their final, formative, growth and development is probably the most dangerous time to be using drugs and alcohol.

We gave a battery of neuropsychological tests to these kids and what we asked them to do was to learn and memorize a list of words that we read to them over four learning trials. Um, we also asked them to memorize a short story and, and remember a complex figure. We, we gave them all these stimuli over multiple trials and then we waited 20 minutes while they were doing other tasks to see how well the information had gotten in.

Well, the first issue was that they weren’t able to learn it well. Their scores on the first trials were at the bottom of the study, these kids didn’t do well. They weren’t able to recall the information, or recognize the information at the end. These were the kids that were the marijuana users. These were the one who had the most trouble with learning and memory in the study, and the more marijuana they used the worse their learning and memory was.

It was highly statistically significant.

With Cannabis, there are other risks too. So for instance, the research really shows that the younger somebody is when they start to use it, especially if they use it heavily and if they have a family history of psychosis or a personal history, so they have genes for this, it also increases their risk of developing schizophrenia which is a life-long illness that we do not have a cure for and causes very significant impairment.

Every psychiatrist, to be board certified every ten years you have to re…be re-examined, and so on that test was that question. What drug is most likely to trigger schizophrenia? And it’s cannabis, more than amphetamines, more than cocaine, counter intuitively hallucinogens don’t seem to really increase the risk at all.

Based on a recent study where they looked at 108 different genes associated with schizophrenia, that the more of these genes that you have, the bigger effect cannabis use in adolescence has on your brain development.

Obviously millions of kids smoke pot and don’t get schizophrenia, but schizophrenia’s such a bad illness, people get sick and they stay sick for their whole life. The best figure is about point 7% of the population of the world will get schizophrenia. So if you could prevent that from doubling, increasing by 50%, by just putting off until adulthood uh that would be worth it.

This risk of developing that appears to be largest if you start using in your teen years as opposed to later. Using substances uh with abuse potential before age 19 significantly changes the trajectory in terms of school and college and relationships, etc. Also, teens are more impulsive and more risk-taking as a whole. And so any type of intoxication increases their risks of getting into trouble doing that, whether it is unsafe sex practices, whether it is unsafe driving or not wearing a seatbelt, these sound kind of minor but they can be life-changing for a teen.

It does appear that it probably increases your risks of doing other drugs also, probably through this change in brain development.

Not everybody that smokes pot gets addicted, but the point is some people do, and for Michael, he loved it and the opportunity for something harder came available to him because drug dealers are in it for the money and if you get them hooked on something stronger, they’re a customer for life. Eventually with Michael, he was offered a pill and all he had to do was contact his drug dealer that he bought the pot from and then if he didn’t have the stronger stuff available someone else did. Eventually it took his life. It started with marijuana.

Studies show that about eleven percent of people who use cannabis uh with any regularity can develop a cannabis use disorder or what we call an addiction. Which is actually a well-defined diagnosis. Um and that people who use it on a daily basis have much higher, have about double or triple that rate of developing an addiction.

It’s also important to not market this to or have this be available to teen users just like alcohol, just like cigarettes. You have to be a certain age to drive. There is responsibility that comes with age, right?


We have all of our strains after every batch tested for both the different kinds of THC and CBD. We do have strains like Charlotte’s Web R4, that don’t have THC in them.
We have about 200 strains on file. So with that we can do all sorts of breeding projects to create thousands of strains if we want to over time.


We SEE the DUI arrest footage as we HEAR and then SEE Christine Frank

OFFICER: Place your left foot on that imaginary line….place your right foot in front of it. Make sure the heel touches your toe.

CHRISTINE FRANK, Drug Recognition Expert
field sobriety tests are a little bit different on people under the influence of cannabis because they forget your instructions.

OFFICER: Make sure you touch your heel to your toe on each step.

Like we do have with alcohol, there’s no actual test to say, “well, someone’s impaired by a certain amount of nanograms.” And so we have to rely on the officers’ observations at the scene and their field sobriety testing.

We SEE a trailer in the parking lot with LIGHTS on inside. And we HEAR giggling and laughing and music playing coming from inside.

CHRIS HALSOR, J.D. Understanding Legal Marijuana
We see legalization sweeping across the country but there are collateral consequences to it. So I created these series of classes called Marijuana DUI Investigations. And one of the components, perhaps the most controversial component, is the green lab.

We SEE the volunteers grouped around Chris Halsor:

I want to welcome you guys to our green lab tonight. We’re very appreciative that you guys came out and did this. These officers have been geared for many years to smell it and think there’s a crime going on here. And that’s not the case anymore. And so the whole purpose of this class is really is that person impaired to the extent that they should be arrested or prosecuted? Or is there a level of comfort in saying this person’s actually okay to drive.

We HEAR nat sound of the volunteers meeting the officers and law enforcement folks.

We have a handful of volunteers come in and dose.
The law enforcement officers meet them before they dose.

Male: What do you do for work?
Female: I work for Easter Seals. I work with developmentally disabled adults. I’ve been doing that kind of work for a long time. I just moved here in July.

So they get to see how they are, what their affect is, how they walk, how they talk, just a short conversation just to see how they present.

GIRL: Anything else you want to know?

Then they leave the hotel. They go and dose.

BENJAMIN IBARRA, Understanding Legal Marijuana
So this evening, we have four volunteers and the first volunteer is going to be taking a 150 milligram uh chocolate edible. And then we’re having others uh take, three dabs of uh concentrates off of a little dab rig that they use to inhale the concentrate. And then for our third volunteer, we’re going to have three uh bong hits. And then we’re going to have somebody smoke just one joint. we get a bit of a full spectrum of everything.


First time I ever smoked, 14, first time I started smoking on a regular basis I was probably 20, but I have a chronic medical condition so it’s either that or I take four or five different prescriptions. I have fibromyalgia.

Probably when I was 13, seventh going into the eight grade. Looking back when I was younger, it definitely wasn’t safe, especially like young kids, like you don’t know where you’re getting it from, What it’s cut with.

Yeah, yeah, there’s definitely some shady kids that god knows what they could have laced it with, But yeah to know exactly where it’s coming from and yeah it’s pure.

You don’t have to be shady about it anymore.

This is your vaporizer pen. So this is what gives the ability to heat up the oil, the concentrate that’s in the vile here. And it’s totally chargeable via android USB and then this you fill up with the concentrate. There’s wax. There’s shatter. And then there’s also going to be uh CO2 hash oil or honey oil because it parallels similar in look uh to honey basically.

Anything from butter to sodas to candies, cereals, juices, hot chocolate, any food product you can do. All you have to do is get the basic butter and you can, I’ve literally gotten butter and just smeared it on toast and made cinnamon toast for breakfast.///
Uh huh, it’s cana-butter.


PRODUCER: You wouldn’t drive now, or does it matter?

WOMAN: Oh I would drive right now.

PRODUCER: You would or wouldn’t?

WOMAN: I would.

PRODUCER: Because it doesn’t impair you?

WOMAN: No, it makes me more…

MAN: Alert.

WOMAN: Alert, aware, I’m like…I focus better with school. Less distracted than like seeing people driving down the road on their phone, eating, yelling at their kids…

We now SEE the road-tests inside the hotel

They come back in and the officers run them through the roadsides.

OFFICER: While focusing on the tip of my finger, you’re going to follow my finger with your eyes and your eyes only. Don’t move your head.


OFFICER: Do you understand?

WOMAN: Gotcha.

The way we set it up is they’re trying to make a determination of what would you do with this person? Would you arrest them? Would you not arrest them? Would you send them on the way?

We SEE several tests in the hotel AND the same tests in the field VIDEO

I think what is the most difficult part is that marijuana impairment is not alcohol impairment.

Throughout this entire manuever,I want you to look down at your feet, count your steps out loud, keeping your hands down by your sides.

With marijuana impairment, it’s mostly mental impairment.

Based on those, I would take you in to custody if you were driving.

Think more distracted driving instead of drunk driving.

So driving in itself is a divided attention task. So when you drive you have to operate the pedals, you have to pay attention to traffic, you have to drive….


So if we’re talking to uh, young people, they might say, “well marijuana impaired driving, it’s, it’s safer than alcohol.” And what I like to say is, “no, they’re both impairing substances. They just impair differently.”

SEE an example from real footage WALKING IS WAY OFF.

It’s a much slower reaction time the biggest thing with cannabis is time and distance distortion that’s why they’re stopping prior to the stoplight, they’re driving very slow.

Because it’s mental, I don’t think that people are as conscious about it. Nor is a friend going to look and say, “oh, I think you need to give me the keys.”

OFFICER: You’re going to face 180 degrees

It’s going to be harder for people to assess

OFFICER: You’re going to bend forward at the waist at a 45 degree angle

And again I don’t like the well it’s safer than alcohol. Well, that’s a dangerous risk to take when you’re getting behind a multi thousand-pound potential weapon.

OFFICER: And then put your arms straight behind you like you’re an airplane. Behind you. Sorry. There you go. Right now you’re being placed under arrest for driving under the influence…


Reagan’s policies really became much harsher in terms of both the enforcement side of it, but also in terms of the penalties associated with drug crime violations. And so during the 1980s is when you have mandatory minimum sentencing, and that’s Reagans contribution to the whole effort, and this continued under Clinton and under the first Bush. You know I’m an academic, I, you know I teach and I do research and one of the, the biggest problems with prohibition is that it’s really stifled research of all sorts.

We TRANSITION into the GREEN HOUSE and we SEE ECU’s of PLANTS as at the beginning of the show as we HEAR:

The funny thing is this plant’s been around for thousands of years. Why weren’t we researching it before? And the only reason now all of a sudden it’s a hot topic is because people see that there’s value to the product. That’s the only reason.

Now that I just have a little piece of candy, I get the pain relief, I get the relaxation and I’m able to go about my life and still have the quality of life.

The research is inadequate, as a whole, especially on the plant.

The more marijuana they used, the worse their learning and memory was.

There are about 80 other Cannabinoids that are just not well studied or understood.

Cannabis is a miracle plant. And the potential it has, has yet to be unlocked.